No Savage Lee–Enfields were ever issued to the US military; the markings existed solely to maintain the pretence that American equipment was being lent to the UK rather than permanently sold to them. Thanks! [91], A number of British Service Rifles, predominantly the Martini–Henry and Martini–Enfield, but also the various Lee–Enfield rifles, have been produced by small manufacturers in the Khyber Pass region of the Pakistani/Afghan border. It speeded loading, as all you had to do was tear off the top, pour the powder and ball in, and then use the paper as the wad. Enfield Sports stock Eley Hawk & Lyalvale Express Cartridges. The 1854 Infantry Manual specified that to load, the soldier should bite the end off … During World War I British factories alone produced 7,000,000,000 rounds of .303 ammunition. It was found that as velocity increased the bullets suddenly became much more deadly.[15]. Free shipping. Canada converted about 1,588 rifles at Small Arms Limited (to the end of 1945) and, in 1946, at Canadian Arsenals Limited. 4 Mk I and No. [8] After extensive testing, the Committee on Explosives selected Cordite for use in the Mark II .303 British service cartridge. The Lee–Speed Sporter was a higher quality British made version of the Lee–Enfield. 1 Mk. CIVIL WAR ENFIELD RIFLE .577 CARTRIDGE : Condition:--not specified. 4 rifles to 7.62×51mm NATO. The Martini-Enfield is a modification of the famous .577 caliber Martini-Henry rifle that armed British regulars at such battles as Rorke’s Drift and Isandlwana during the 1879 Anglo-Zulu War. [32], Canadian Ellwood Epps, founder of Epps Sporting Goods, created an improved version of the .303 British. 2, of varying marks. The No. The magazine cutoff was also reintroduced and an additional band was added near the muzzle for additional strength during bayonet use. The new rifle also incorporated a charger loading system,[23] another innovation borrowed from the Mauser rifle and is notably different from the fixed "bridge" that later became the standard, being a charger clip (stripper clip) guide on the face of the bolt head. From the late 1940s, legislation in New South Wales, Australia, heavily restricted .303 British calibre (and other "military calibre") rifles,[72] so large numbers of SMLEs were converted to "wildcat" calibres such as .303/25, .303/22, .303/270 and the popular 7.7×54mm round. The Australian military were not permitted to manufacture the No. The Rieder device could be installed straight away without the use of tools. 4 rifles, selected for their accuracy during factory tests, were modified by the addition of a wooden cheek rising-piece, and telescopic sight mounts designed to accept a No. 7, Rifle, No. Quote Reply Topic: Is it an Enfield? [34], In 1926, the British Army changed their nomenclature; the SMLE became known as the Rifle No. [20], In 1938 the Mark VIIIz "streamline ammunition" round was approved to obtain greater range from the Vickers machine gun. In 1909, the British Textbook of Small Arms stated that 15 ft. lbs. The Pattern 1853 Enfield was not Britain’s first rifle to use the expanding Minié-style projectile, but it was a “smallbore” improvement and upgrade of the earlier .702-cal. I Target Rifle . The bull stock is built on a steel tube, which is a magazine holding 32 cartridges (some held 26), fed to the barrel by the screw-feed principle. $15.00. 2s Modified to Mk. The accuracy requirement was ability to place 7 of 7 shots in a 5 inches (12.7 cm) circle at 200 yards (183 m) and 6 of 7 shots in a 10 inches (25.4 cm) circle at 400 yards (366 m). In 1910, the British took the opportunity to replace their Mk VI cartridge with a more modern design. While the Pattern 53 ushered in the era of the rifle it was to be short-lived as breech-loading technology was developed. Attempts were made to find a cooler-burning propellant but further trials were halted in 1914 by the onset of the First World War. As soon as the bullet hit the target and decelerated, its heavier lead base caused it to pitch violently and deform, thereby inflicting more severe gunshot wounds than a standard single-core spitzer design. A further likely consideration was the difficulty of obtaining replacement ammunition in the event of the rifle's theft or the carrier's desertion. They used the rimmed .303 British for decades and it was obsolete by now and had to by replaced. Over time, rimfire cartridges were eventually manufactured for rifles in a range of calibers. For easier machining, the charger bridge was no longer rounded. [33] I A (a transitional model), Mk. The safe method for all shooters of military surplus ammunition is to assume the cartridge is corrosively primed unless certain otherwise. A rumour spread that the lubricant used was either cow or pig lard, which was repugnant to Hindus or Muslims, respectively.… 1 Mk. The historical furore that was raised in this regard was the use of a special kind of … Complete set of bayonet, scabbard, and frog for the 1853 3-band Enfield long rifle. It was produced only in North America, by Small Arms Limited, at Long Branch in Canada and Stevens-Savage Firearms, in the USA. 4 Mk I* rifles that were brought up to Mk 2 standard were renamed No. [88], The Brisbane-based Australian International Arms also manufactured a modern reproduction of the No. About 3,000 rifles, mostly Stevens-Savage, appear to have been partially converted by Holland & Holland but never received brackets, scopes of the final "T" mark. The .303 British cartridge was designed specifically for that rifle, and later on, when the Lee-Metford was replaced with the Lee-Enfield, the Powers That Be kept the existing caliber. 4 Mk I was officially adopted in 1941. The iron sight line was redesigned and featured a rear receiver aperture battle sight calibrated for 300 yd (274 m) with an additional ladder aperture sight that could be flipped up and was calibrated for 200–1,300 yd (183–1,189 m) in 100 yd (91 m) increments. The floating barrel increased the accuracy of the rifle by allowing it to vibrate freely and consistently, whereas wooden forends in contact with barrels, if not properly fitted, affected the harmonic vibrations of the barrel. Although the bullet was stable in flight due to the gyroscopic forces imposed on it by the rifling of the barrel, it behaved very differently upon hitting the target. Bore is shiny through ...Click for more info. [19] Many LECs (and LMCs in smaller numbers) were converted to special patterns, namely the New Zealand Carbine and the Royal Irish Constabulary Carbine, or NZ and RIC carbines, respectively. Enfield/Tower Rifle; British Snider Enfield Rifles; Whitneyville Plymouth M1861 Rifle; M1863 Zouave Rifle; M1855-M1863 US Springfield Muskets; M1861 Special Musket (Colt,L.G. I (T). The No. [65][66], In Britain, a .22RF version of the No.5 Rifle was prototyped by BSA and trialled with a view to it becoming the British Service training rifle when the .303"CF No.5 was initially mooted as being a potential replacement for the No.4 Rifle. regulated countries every rifle cartridge combo has to be proofed at 125% of this maximum C.I.P. It speeded loading, as all you had to do was tear off the top, pour the powder and ball in, and then use the paper as the wad. These were primarily used in Navy aircraft. Rifle Factory Ishapore of India still manufactures an sporting/hunting rifle chambered in .315 with a Lee–Enfield action. 4 Mk II rifle, which they marketed as the AIA No. In short, the rifle is just termed as P-53 rifle. [98], Khyber Pass Copies patterned after the Lee–Enfield are still manufactured in the Khyber Pass region, as bolt-action rifles remain effective weapons in desert and mountain environments where long-range accuracy is more important than rate of fire. Talens, Martien. [104][105] (For more information see Gun politics in the United Kingdom and Gun politics in Australia. While British and Australian conversions were to the standard commercially available .410 shotgun cartridge (though of varying chamber lengths) the Indian conversions have been the source of considerable confusion. [92], "Khyber Pass Copies", as they are known, tend to be copied exactly from a "master" rifle, which may itself be a Khyber Pass Copy, markings and all, which is why it's not uncommon to see Khyber Pass rifles with the "N" in "Enfield" reversed, amongst other things. After the Second World War the British army needed to find a new rifle cartridge. In the stowed position, a fixed distance aperture battle sight calibrated for 300 yd (274 m) protruded saving further precious seconds when laying the sight to a target. Care must be taken to identify the round properly before purchase or loading into weapons. The Rieder Automatic Rifle was an automatic (full automatic only) Lee–Enfield SMLE rifle of South African origin. BRITISH Antique ENFIELD-SNIDER Cavalry Carbine Guns International #: 101154783 Seller's Inventory #: 7378 Category: Enfield Rifles - Antique Rifles - Cartridge Seller's Information When emailing or calling sellers direct, please mention that you saw their listing on GunsInternational.com Seller: AncestryGunsLLC Company: Ancestry Guns LLC 5 was first issued to the British 1st Airborne Division and used during their liberation of Denmark and Norway in 1945. [9][10] The WWI versions are often referred to as the "SMLE", which is short for the common "Short, Magazine, Lee–Enfield" variant. 4 action, but lightened and shortened, chambered in .303 British. 4 Mk IV, sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFWilson2007 (, sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFSkennerton2001 (. De Lisle, was effectively an SMLE Mk III* receiver redesigned to take a .45 ACP cartridge and associated magazine, with a barrel from a Thompson submachine gun and an integrated suppressor. With most rifles chambered in .303 British being of military origin, success in reloading the calibre depends on the reloader's ability to compensate for the often loose chamber of the rifle. The .303 British is one of the few (along with the .22 Hornet, .30-30 Winchester, and 7.62×54mmR) bottlenecked, rimmed centerfire rifle cartridges still in common use today. [74], In the early 1950s Essential Agencies Ltd. Eddystone ERA P14 Lee Enfield Rifle Chambered in .303 Brit, Many proofs, BM, G.R., Also marked "not english make", Various E Marks, Overall in great original condition. The .303 British (designated as the 303 British by the C.I.P. III* (HT). Members Profile. These stand for "Standard Small Arms" and "National Rifle Factory", respectively. [51], During the Second World War, standard No. These unusual rifles have something of a mysterious service history, but represent a missing link in SMLE development. The Australian Army modified 1,612[50] Lithgow SMLE No. Posted: December 21 2020 at 11:56am: What are some thoughts on the P14? 37 – The Deadly .303 British", "Rhineland .45 ACP Carbine: fun conversions for surplus Enfields and Mausers", "Lee-Enfield (Series) Bolt-Action, Magazine-Fed, Repeating Service Rifle - United Kingdom", "Lee Enfield cavalry .303 in Mk I magazine carbine, 1896 - Online Collection - National Army Museum, London", "Guns of the Tatmadaw: Burmese/Myanmar Small Arms Development", "Afghan War Rugs: A Sub-group with Iranian Influence", "Les Ailes françaises au Tchad : Retournons le sablier…", "Ethiopian military rifle cartridges: Part 2: from Mauser to Kalashnikov", "Small arms of the Deutscher Volkssturm part I", "The military rifle cartridges of Ghana from Ashanti to AR", "Surveying the Battlefield: Illicit Arms in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Somalia", "The military situation in the Baltic States", "The military rifle cartridges of Burma/Myanmar", "France at War – Portugal in the Great War", "War Continued... Vietnam Veterans in the Rhodesian Bush War", "Weapons of the 107th: Lee–Enfield Mk.III", "Doughboy's Rifle: (It wasn't necessarily a Springfield)", "Living with Weapons: Small Arms in Yemen", "Yugoslav Part II: World War II small arms: an assortment of small arms from friends and foe alike", https://www.calibreobscura.com/covert-operations-the-arms-of-isis-insurgents-in-syria-2019/, UK-NRA – Historic Arms Resource Centre – Enfield and Lee–Enfield Training Rifles Reference Pages, SMLE No.1 Mk III* & Lee-Enfield No.4 Mk.I, Starstreak SAM (shoulder launched or 3-shot multiple launcher), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lee–Enfield&oldid=995765749, Victorian-era weapons of the United Kingdom, World War II infantry weapons of the United Kingdom, Articles with dead external links from February 2012, Articles lacking reliable references from September 2018, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles needing additional references from January 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2018, Articles needing additional references from January 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 10-round magazine, loaded with 5-round charger clips, Sliding ramp rear sights, fixed-post front sights, "dial" long-range volley; telescopic sights on sniper models. Remington Arms Company, LLC is an American manufacturer of firearms and ammunition, and was the largest rifle manufacturer in North America according to the ATF statistics in 2015. 4 rifles, except for the new barrel (which still retained the original No.4 rifle bayonet lugs) and magazine. [24] Mk VIIIz ammunition was described as being for "All suitably-sighted .303-inch small arms and machine guns" – rifles and Bren guns were proofed at 50,000 psi (344.7 MPa) – but caused significant bore erosion in weapons formerly using Mk VII ammunition, ascribed to the channelling effect of the boat-tail projectile. The British adopted the deeper, five-groove Enfield rifling in 1895, and the new rifle was dubbed the Magazine Lee-Enfield Rifle Mk I. [16] Some straight-pull bolt-action rifles were thought faster, but lacked the simplicity, reliability, and generous magazine capacity of the Lee–Enfield. 8 is in regular use with UK Cadet Forces as a light target rifle. 3 standard) were later modified for use with the 7.62×51mm NATO L42A1 Sniper Rifle. The machinery from ROF Fazakerley was sold to Pakistan Ordnance Factories (POF) in Rawalpindi where production and repair of the No.4 rifle was continued from 1957. These design features facilitate rapid cycling and fire compared to other bolt-action designs like the Mauser. Rifle ammo as we know it today dates back to the mid-1800s, when a .22 caliber rimfire cartridge was created for indoor shooting. Since formation in 1998, organisations such as the Lee Enfield Rifle Association have assisted in not just preserving rifles in shooting condition (many Lee–Enfields are being deactivated and sold as "wall-hangers" to collectors who do not hold a Firearms Licence in countries where they are required), but holding events and competitions. [54] A transitional model the No. The rifle has a characteristic "belly" due to a deeper magazine, allowing the rifle to hold six rounds of the US .30-06 cartridge in the magazine, and one in the chamber. 4 Mk IV. The best general-purpose ammunition for any .303 military rifle is the Mark 7 design because it provides the best combination of accuracy and stopping power. p. 372. Although the round had better ballistics, troop trials in 1913 revealed problems including excessive recoil, muzzle flash, barrel wear and overheating. 16 single-base smokeless powder based on nitrocellulose flake shaped propellants. [10] Cordite was a stick-type or 'chopped' smokeless gunpowder composed of nitroglycerine, gun-cotton, and mineral jelly, while Rifleite was a true nitrocellulose powder, composed of soluble and insoluble nitrocellulose, phenyl amidazobense, and volatiles similar to French smokeless powders. It was introduced in the Bengal Army by the East India Company in early 1857. In Canada, it was found to be adequate for any game except the great bears. Small Arms Limited and later, Canadian Arsenals Limited, Spelling errors in the markings; as noted the most common of which is a reversed "N" in "Enfield"), V.R. Rather than retool the factories to produce the standard US service rifle, the M1903 Springfield, the USA realised it would be far quicker and cheaper to merely adapt the Pattern 1914 Enfield design to the .30-06 rifle cartridge, a round for which it was well-suited. After a number of design changes to both the cartridge and the rifle, it was put into limited production for troop trials as the 'Rifle, Magazine, Enfield, .276-inch, Pattern 1913', the trials taking place in the UK, Ireland, South Africa and Egypt. The Enfield Pattern 1853 Rifle-Musket (also known as the Pattern 1853 Enfield, P53 Enfield, and Enfield Rifle-Musket) was a .577 calibre Minié-type muzzle-loading rifle-musket, used by the British Empire from 1853 to 1867, after which many Enfield 1853 Rifle-Muskets were converted to (and replaced in service by) the cartridge-loaded Snider-Enfield rifle. It also had a windage-adjustable rear sight, making it easier to zero (although some would argue that the M1917’s rear sight was tougher, as was the front s… According to the official C.I.P. This should tell you something.) The Lee–Enfield series is very popular for service rifle shooting competitions in the UK and Australia due to the prohibitions on the legal ownership of semi-automatic centrefire rifles in Great Britain and restrictions on the legal ownership of semi-automatic centrefire rifles in Australia.