If a group isn’t in communion with the pope, it isn’t part of the Catholic Church. In the mid-16th century, King Henry VIII declared the Church in England independent of Rome. Within the Catholic Church there are a number of individual churches, sometimes called rites. While the difference between the religions is rather personal than doctrinal, there is one major exception. The Creation of the Anglican Church . The Catholic Church also practices the veneration of saints. The Catholic religion is the religion of the Catholic Church—i.e., that group of churches in communion with the pope. We are not under the jurisdiction of the Vatican. How Each Religion is Defined. Although our Church possesses apostolic succession from the first apostles, there is a difference of belief from the Roman Catholic Church regarding church governance. Roman Catholic vs Catholic. Both Catholics and other kinds of Christians will study the Bible, attend church, seek ways to introduce the … Catholic Church vs Protestant Church . Catholic comes from the Greek word for “universal.” Here is the difference between Catholicism and the Church of England. A number of disagreements over matters of Ecclesiology developed slowly between the Western … The Roman Catholic Church achieved European exclusivity until the 16th century Reformation movement that introduced Protestant sects. King Henry VIII's separation from the Catholic Church also opened England to Protestant worship. There is also a difference in structure and decision-making between Anglicans/Episcopalians and Roman Catholics. While Catholicism preaches and believes the Roman catholic church to be the supreme authority, Christianity encompasses all churches as well as individuals without churches, as many modern practitioners may be believers in Christ but not active church goers. The church is not to be identified with a human institution (the Roman Catholic Church), and a human practice, like the succession of Popes whose office is decided by that institution. One of these is the Roman rite or Roman church. The Anglican Communion has no central authority. Both Catholic and Protestant are religions which comprises the most number of followers or believers in the entire world. Evangelical churches are branches of the Protestant churches started during the Reformation. Technically, “Catholic” (when capitalized) refers to the Christian Church founded by Our Blessed Lord on the Apostle Peter, and his successors (the Popes in Rome); while “Roman Catholic” only refers to a Catholic in the diocese of Rome. Despite these differences, all Catholics, regardless of location, accept the leadership of the Catholic Bishop of Rome, follow the Nicene Creed as the basic statement of faith, and recognize seven sacraments. The difference between Catholic Church and Protestant Church can be observed by examining the practices and beliefs of each church. The main differences between Roman Catholics and Catholics are that Roman Catholics form the major Christian group, and Catholics are only a small group of the Christian community, also called as “Greek Orthodox.” It is believed that when Christianity started, only one church was followed. The head of the Church – the Prime Bishop – is elected by the Church’s members and clergy. At first, the differences were more personal than doctrinal, with one significant exception: The Anglican Church rejected papal supremacy, and Henry VIII established himself as the head of that Church. A large part of The Episcopal Church in the United States has retained rich and reverent ceremony as part of its Catholic heritage. 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