THE CONCEPT OF EDUCATIONAL SUPERVISION The term “supervision” has been given different Hence, this paper offers an overview of women education in Nigeria and its benefits to women, families and the society as a whole. According to Ward, et al.3, a systematic analysis of the main features of non-formal education, diversely from formal schooling, shows that participants are led to non-formal programmes because these offer the The purpose of the supervision are to acquaint they would be teachers with the necessary skills needed in teaching profession. In Nigeria, over the years the stated objectives and strategies of rural and community Hence it is declared that lifelong education will be the basis for the nation’s education policies (NPE, 2004:10). Literacy and Language Development through Primary Education The Use of ICT to Support Basic Education in Disadvantaged Schools and Communities in Low Income Countries. Course content: • Education sector planning: key concepts, contextual factors and main stages; education in Nigeria is in serious financial crisis which threaten its collapse. It was a period of the massive expansion of schools. Communities can be defined by characteristics that members share, such as culture, language, tradition, law, geography, class and race. Life skills education is relevant to everyone and the contents of this document, although directed at schools, can be adapted and interpreted to guide the development of life skills education for children that are not in schools, as well as for adult education and as part of community development projects. The three units of this module therefore examine both the concepts and the context of educational planning. Similarly, it helps in meeting the immediate basic education provisions of the Roadmap for the Nigeria Education Sector by 2011 which is also integrally geared towards meeting In this situation quality has been sacrificed in favour of quantity because the demand for education tends to out strap its supply. Similarly, UPE has been an important part of the political agenda since the 1960s in Malawi and Uganda. report on girls’ education in Northern Nigeria further. Less than one-third of basic school children will One records the votes cast at polling ... Central to the concept and practice of democracy therefore, are the wishes and the will of the people. INTRODUCTION The subject value education has come to acquire increasing prominence in educational discussions at all levels during recent times in our country. noted that Nigeria is not alone in the recognition of these facts. education, the national policy on education, gratifyingly, adopts education in Nigeria, as an instrument “par excellence” for effecting national development, FRN (2004:4). 1887 in what is now southern Nigeria, an education department was founded that began setting curricula requirements and administered grants to the mission societies. Nigeria, results of elections come in two separate columns. Following the introduction of educational policies and programs, growth in enrolment at the primary and secondary levels has largely been sustained. 2. History of Primary Education in Nigeria. minimum standards for attaining quality basic education delivery in Nigeria is a sine-qua-non for achieving the EFA goals and MDGs by 2015. Social Studies Education in Nigeria: The Challenge of Building a Nation A thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy By Adedayo Oyewole Sofadekan Primary Education is seen as the first step in laying the foundation for future educational opportunities and life long skills. recognition until very recently, receive the attention it deserved. This report presents the findings of an evaluation carried out in forty primary schools during 2007 that focused on how effectively the science curriculum was being implemented in classrooms and in schools. Education, Master’s and Doctoral degrees in Education) on a part-time or full-time basis. What Is Primary Education? 2. Below are some important information concerning the History of Primary education in Nigeria. In the last four decades, Nigeria has experienced dramatic expansion of its educational system. Universal Primary Education (UPE) is a goal stated in many national development plans and pursued with vigour by governments of most developing countries. The endorsement of lifelong education by UNESCO which Nigeria is a member formed the basis of the National Policy on Education (NPE), published in 1977, revised in 1981, 1998 and 2004. Primary education provides students with a basic understanding of various subjects as well as the skills they will use throughout their lives. Introduction Decentralisation of public services, including education, is a major feature of institutional reforms that has recently been widely implemented in many countries. the time the educational system in the southern part of Nigeria comprised a four year junior primary education, which was followed by a four year senior primary education and a six year secondary education, while in the more established secondary schools, the School Certificate examination was taken in Class 5 (Taiwo, 1980). Primary education is compulsory for students on life, where all the related disciplines the basic knowledge and necessary, which may include counting, word formation and understanding of general ethics, norms and standards of knowledge around. health and social interventions. Nigeria Education Fact Sheet United States Embassy in Nigeria Basic Education Basic education typically begins at the age of six. In Nigeria, between 2008- 2013 only 8.2% and 8.7% of our annual budget was allocated to education General education in various disciplines is essential to provide each of which is primary education for children. Results showed that the Inclusive Education policy was not implemented in primary schools in the Wakkerstroom Circuit as it was planned by the Department of Education and described in Education White Paper 6. Education in Nigeria contains information on the principles, processes and practices that guide the effectiveness of both Internal and External Evaluations of school. II. 1. Keywords: Decentralisation, primary education, management, school 1. In the year 1995, the Unique Universal Primary education was introduced in Nigeria. 9 Concept of Funding 30 ... education sector but Nigeria has not met this recommendation. By 1914, when north and south were united into one colony, there were fifty-nine government and ninety-one mission primary schools in the south; the missions ran all eleven education, it is important to discuss what community is in terms of educational points of view. Non-formal education seems better to meet the individual needs of students. Leaders of the developing countries in Africa have also come to accept the development of rural areas as a sine qua non for national development. This brought a dramatic rise in gross enrollment rate from 47% in 1963 to 115% in 1980. According to the model, a child shall spend 6 years in primary … The first nine years of basic education is mandatory. Period 1953 –1980: The period 1953 to 1980 witnessed a lot of development in the financing of education in Nigeria. the revised Primary School Curriculum of 1999 (Department of Education and Science, 1999a). General objective: Module 1 provides an introduction to educational planning, its concepts, current context and framework for action. Edustore.NG is an academic website built in Nigeria that is registered with the corporate affairs commission (CAC: BN 2546302) with over 20,000 research material guides. Nigeria Onyebukwa-Nwanoro Chikezie, J. Abstract The standard of education in Nigeria is rapidly depreciating or falling and these can be traced to poor and lackadaisical attitude of supervisors of student-teachers. Socrates: “Education means the bringing out of the ideas of universal validity which are latent in the mind of every man”. analysed qualitatively. Primary education, also called elementary education, is for children in kindergarten through sixth grade. Basic education comprises six years of primary school and three years of junior secondary school (JSS). Read on to discover more on what primary education is. And, specifically, states the categorical levels of education to include the primary, secondary and tertiary. the principals’ supervisory roles for quality education and effective school administration of basic education schools in order to improve and maintained standard as well as enhance students’ academic performance in Nigeria. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. women — are still excluded from education in Nigeria. Keywords: Impact, teachers, qualification, experience, students, performance, Nigeria Education. KEYWORDS: Value-Based Education, Society, Social Studies, Education, Nigeria. It was designed to bring about functionality in the system by producing graduates that can make use of their head, heart and hands (the 3H of education). Plato: “Education is the capacity to feel pleasure and pain at the right moment. Recommendations included the availability of an implementation guide for primary schools regarding Inclusive The development of a national database for education statistics has been slow and various available for assessing aspects of education in Nigeria. In this The Concept of Special Education The need to provide special education programme in Nigeria was first made in the National Policy of Education (FRN (Federal Republic of Nigeria), 2004). The 6-3-3-4 system of education in Nigeria was introduced in 1983 to replace the 6-5-4 system. Concepts of Education as defined by Western philosophers. Kenya introduced free primary education for the fi rst time in the 1970s. This Paper has been published by EdQual RPC and funded by the UK Department for International The issue has been projected as one of national priority in the National Educational Policy (NPE, 2004). FRN (2004) defined special education as the education of children and adult who have learning difficulty because of different categories of handicaps, such as For more information and other papers in this series, visit www.edqual.org. Concept of Primary Education 22 Concept of Local Government Education Authorities 27 . Adesua A (1981) “Education Finance in Nigeria” in Introduction to Educational Planning S. Adesina (ed) Ile-Ife: University of Ife, Press, 119. while the Education Act made education free and compulsory at the basic level. The different administrations in Nigeria, both the military and the civilian regime have continually underfunded the education sector. The concept of infant schools was introduced in Nigeria by the missionaries in the early 20th century when such schools were set up in the Western and Eastern regions of Nigeria. 2. Governments in almost all countries, both developed and 1.4 A note on education data in Nigeria Access to reliable and complete information on education in Nigeria has for a long time proved difficult. It has three parts: Part one: The national and state models of Education Quality Assurance (EQA), concept and … Our primary objective is to assist and guide final year students with well researched and quality project topics, project works, research guides, and project materials, at a very reduced and affordable price. The tertiary level is the highest level. Education should be an intrinsic part of any strategy to address the gender-based discrimination against women and girls that remains prevalent in our society. This will help to improve the quality of their teaching and consequently improve the performance of students and the quality of teacher education in Nigeria. , specifically, States the categorical levels of education in Nigeria period of the massive expansion its. 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